Spain at a Glance

Spain has one of the most attractive domestic markets in Europe, with 46 million potential consumers, on top of the 60 million tourists who visit this country every year. Indeed, Spain is the world’s 13th largest economy in terms of GDP and 5th largest in the European Union.
Moreover, it must be highlighted that, in terms of purchasing power, Spain’s per capita income is significantly higher than that of some other major economies ranked above Spain. In other words, in terms of purchasing power, the Spanish market is larger than many of the more consolidated and dynamic emerging economies.

Solvency, competitiveness and growth potential. These are just some of the reasons to invest in Spain highlighted by financial advisory firms. We must add to these qualities a geographical position which gives potential access to more than 1.3 billion consumers in Europe, North Africa, the Middle East and Latin America.

  • Spain is the thirteenth largest economic power in the world and ranked fifth in the European Union in relation to gross domestic product.
  • Spain is an excellent gateway to the European continent from South American countries as well as from Europe to Latin America, with a unique geographical position privileged to serve as international platform for trade.
  • It has a highly qualified and competitive business and professional environment.
  • Is has highly developed infrastructures and communications: Spain is the second country in the world and the first in Europe with regard to high speed rail networks, ranked first in the European Union for its network of motorways and roads, and excellent sea connections.
  • The country enjoys mild climate favourable when locating businesses and operations.
  • Spain offers an excellent quality of life to both residents and visitors.
Population: 46.5 million
Form of government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Official & spoken languages: Spanish (spoken Aragonese, Astur, Leonese, Basque, Catalan, Calician, Occitan)
Currency: Euro €
Time zone: CET (UTC +1), Canary Islands +0)
GDP (PPP): $ 1,636 trillion (16th)
GDP (PPP)/per capita: $ 35,269 (29th)
Public debt: 1,085,488,500,000 € (94% of GDP)
Average salary: 1735€/mo
Unemployment: 20%
Major trading partners: France, Germany, Portugal, UK, Italy, Marocco, Algeria


Doing Business in Spain

Advantages in doing business in Spain

  • Size of market – Spain is the 5th largest market in European Union. Consequently, local businesses will be able to market their goods/service to a market of 47 million people.
  • Location – Spain’s strategic location provides Spanish businesses the advantage of access to 700 million potential customers across the EU and North Africa. Furthermore, Spanish businesses find ti easy to do business with South American countries due to their common language.
  • Tourism – Spain is the 2nd largest tourism market in the Europe and the 5th largest in the world. Consequently, Spanish businesses will have access to 58 million foreign tourists annually

Disadvantages in doing business in Spain

  • Taxes – Taxation is Spain is punitive with a) corporate tax of 25% b) VAT rate of 21% c) a branch office remittance tax of 21% d) the employer’s social security contribution is 24% and personal tax rate between 19% and 27%.
  • Labor laws – It is difficult to hire full-time employees is Spain because he labor laws interfere with simple employer-employee relationship. A resident company cannot easily dismiss poor performing employees.
  • Language – Only 30% the population speaks English and all business documents are written in Spanish. Consequently, foreigners might find it difficult to communicate with Spanish firms and employees.

The World Banks “Ease of doing business ranking”: Spain

Overall rank 2016: rank 33rd (+1 since 2015)
– Starting a business: rank 82 (average processing time 14 days)
– Dealing with construction permits: rank 101 (average processing time 205 days)
– Getting electricity: rank 74 (average installation time 107 days)
– Registering property: rank 49 (average processing time 12.5 days)
– Getting credit: rank 59
– Protecting minority investors: rank 29
– Paying taxes: rank 60 (average company tax from profits 50%, average time used for taxation 158 hours per year)
– Trading across borders rank 1
– Enforcing contract: rank 39 (average 510 days, average cost from standing amount 18.5%)
– Resolving Insolvency: rank 25 (Average time processing bankruptcy: 1.5 years)

New businesses registered in 2015: 91,544 new limited liability companies

Who can start a new business in Spain:

  • Any person or legal entity who can provide documentation required by the law for incorporation

Who can own property or shares of Spanish company:

  • Any legal entity (Companies, private individuals, trust or fund)

Who can act as a director or member of the board:

  • Any person who can provide documentation required by the law for incorporation

Business entities in Spain

  • S.L (Ltd)
  • Public limited company
  • Partnership
  • Joint Venture
  • Trust
  • Sole Proprietorship

Opening a bank account for Spanish company:

  • Incorporation documents and articles of association (Certificated in Spain)
  • Registration certificate (Certificated in Spain)
  • Board of directors meeting minutes
  • Proof of identity, address and skills of signatories
  • List of shareholders and directors (Certificated in Spain)
  • Certificate of Good Standing (if company is older than 1 year)

Public register of shareholders, directors or signatories:

  • Directors: Yes
  • Owners: Yes
  • Signatories: Yes

Accounting and reporting regulations in Spain:

  • Spanish company must store it´s accounting material in registered address
  • Spanish companies must file accounts

How funds can be withdrawn from company

  • Company may transfer money to another company based on sales of services and goods.
  • Company can lend money to another company and / or person given that loan agreement with minimum interest and payment terms have been made. Owners cannot owe money for the company in the end of the book year.
  • Company can pay dividends from it´s own capital to shareholders after end of the book year
  • Company can pay salary to it´s employees given it has registered in the Tax Administration´s employer register. Employer is obliged to pay tax withheld at source from all wages paid to employees, along with making employer´s social security contributions.
  • Company can pay tax free allowance, such as kilometer allowance for using they own car, per diem and meal money, to owners in order to cover their temporary business travel expenses as defined in the official Decision of the Tax Administration on Allowances for Travel Expenses
  • Company can pay meeting allowances for its directors, members of the board and owners
  • Profits may be transferred (if certain requirements are met) between group companies through group contribution system
  • Company can invest in shares, funds or real property.

Can you transfer Spanish company to another jurisdiction?

  • No

How to terminate business in Spain?

  • Company may be sold
  • Skipping renewal of company yearly registration
  • Filing bankruptcy
  • Company liquidation

Residency and Moving to Spain

Advantages in Moving to Spain

  • High quality of life – Weather, beaches, outdoor activities, food, culture… There are so may reasons why people are planing to move Spain.
  • Cost of living – Housing, food and services are generally cheap compering in other Western European countries.
  • Infrastructure – Spain has an excellent road and railway network

Disadvantages in Moving to Spain

  • Government – Bureaucracy, corruption, racism, arbitrary police … There are so many ways government workers can rule a beautiful country with a lots of potential and filled with generally friendly people.
  • Crime – Burglaries and pick-pocketing are common any where in Spain
  • Language – Speaking Spanish is almost mandatory to live normal life in the most of regions in Spain

Freedom Index: Spain

Overall rank 2016: 45th (62/100 points)
– Property rights: 70/100 points
– Freedom from taxes: 54/100 points
– Freedom of speech/religion: 94/100 points
– Limited government: 39/100 points
– Gun rights: 26/100 points
– Drug rights: 60/100 points
– Freedom from corruption: 59/100 points
– Freedom from inflation: 80/100 points
– Business freedom: 77/100 points

Taxation in Spain

Corporate taxation in Spain 2016

A company is resident in Spain if it is incorporated under Spanish law, has its registered office in Spain or its effective management is in Spain.

Resident companies are subject to corporation tax on worldwide income. Nonresident companies are taxed only on Spanish-source income, subject to the provisions of applicable tax treaty. Branches generally are taxed in a manner similar to subsidiaries.

Taxable income: 25% (reduced from 28% as from 1 Jan 2016)
Taxation of dividends: 5%/10%/19%
VAT registration: Registration is mandatory for all taxpayers that carry out transactions in Spanish VAT territory
– VAT Rates: 21%, reduced rates of 10% and 4%
Withholding tax (general): 24% (19% if EU or EEA recipient)
– From Dividends 19% if paid to nonresident (unless a lower rate applies under a tax treaty)
– From Royalties 24% or 19% if recipient is resident in EU or EEA (unless a lower rate applies under a tax treaty)
– From Interests 19% if paid to nonresident (unless a lower rate applies under a tax treaty)
– Technical services 24% or 19% if recipient is resident in EU or EEA (unless a lower rate applies under a tax treaty)
Transfer tax: Companies pay a 7% transfer tax (which may be increased or decreased, depending on the region) and on Spanish real estate where VAT does not apply, including indirect acquisitions in certain cases.
Capital gains tax: Treated as ordinary business income taxable by rate 25% (Exemption available)
Real property tax: up to 1.3%
Social security: “General risk” contributions represent 28.3% of an employee’s wages, with the employer paying 23.6% and the employee paying 6.35%
Payroll tax: The employer must withhold tax on income from employment
Stamp duty: 0.5% of the value of the subject of notarized documents registered in public register (increased rates range between 0.75% to 2.5%)
Capital duty: 1% applies on the reduction od capital and upon liquidation of a company
Tax treaties: Spain has concluded 91 tax treaties
CFC (Controlled Foreign Company) rule: Yes
Other: Business activities tax is charged, at a rate depending on a number of factors, including industry type, number of employees and size of premises.


Compliance for corporations:

  • Tax year – The tax year coincides with the accounting period. The tax period may not exceed 12 months
  • Consolidated returns – A group of corporations may be taxed on a consolidated basis. To qualify as a tax group. a company must own at least 75% of its Spanish subsidiaries, or 70% in the case of Spanish-quoted subsidiaries. Spanish subsidiaries held indirectly through a foreign intermediary may be part of a consolidated group, as well as Spanish subsidiaries held, directly or indirectly, by a foreign parent (i.e. horizontal tax consolidation). Permanent establishments of foreign entities may become members of a Spanish consolidated group if certain requirements are met.
  • Filling requirements – The corporate income tax return must be filled and taxes paid within 6 months and 25 days following the close of the fiscal year. Corporations are required to make three advance payments of income tax in April, October and December of each year, with the final payment made when the annual tax return is submitted.
  • Penalties – Underpayment penalties range from 50% to 150% of the unpaid tax liability. Specific penalties may be imposed for various infringements of the law. Surcharges, ranging from 5% to 20%, are imposed for late payment of tax due where the payment is made voluntary by the taxpayer without and investigation by the tax authorities. Late payment interest is also possible.
  • Rulings – The tax authorities generally may provide binding advance rulings on the tax consequences of a proposed transaction.

Tax authorities: Agencia Estatal de la Administracion Tributaria

Personal taxation in Spain 2016

An individual is resident if he/she spends more than 183 day of the tax year in Spain or if the main center of the his/her business, professional activities or economic interest is in Spain.

Taxable income of individuals includes earned income (e.g. salaries, wages and business or professional income) and passive income (e.g. dividends, interests and capital gains).

Income tax rates for individuals resident is Spain:

  • The progressive rates range between 19% to 46%, with the maximum rate varying according to the region where the individual is resident.
  • Dividends, interests, capital gains and savings income are subject to progressive rate of 19% on the first 6.000€ of income, 21% on income from 6.000€ up to 50.000€ and 23% on income exceeding 50.000€

Social security payments in Spain:

  • 28.3% of an employee’s wages, with the contributing 23.6% and the employee contributing 6.35%

Inheritance/estate tax in Spain:

  • Inheritance and gift tax is levied where the heirs or donees are resident in Spain or where the inherited or gift assets are located in Spain.
  • Rates range from 7.65% to 34% (rates in certain regions may be higher).
  • The tax is also imposed on nonresidents receiving assets (e.g. estates) located in Spain.
  • Spain’s autonomous regions have the authority to increase or reduce tax burden.

Net wealth/net worth tax in Spain:

  • Spain levies net wealth tax rate established by each autonomous region, which may range from 0.2% to 2.5% of the value of property.
  • Wealth tax is not levied in Madrid.

Compliance for individuals in Spain:

  • Tax year is calendar year
  • Individuals must file a tax return and pay tax due within 6 months following the close of the fiscal year.
  • The minimum employment income threshold to file a tax return is 22.000€/year
  • Where the employee has income from two sources, the minimum employment income threshold to file a tax return is 12.000€/year




  • Company disclosure in netherlands, UK, Germany, Russia
  • business planning, tax consulting by Novasigma
  • Personal Tax Plan and Wealth protection cases
  • The general CIT rate in Spain is 25%. Other tax rates may apply, depending on the type of company that is taxed and the type of business carried out.



Consulting & advisory services for Spanish entities

  • Due diligence process
  • Foreign Market entry & Supplier search
  • Business Plans & Descriptions
  • Development & Capital Advisory
  • International Tax Planning
  • Funding & Investor Search
  • Business Restructuring via Offshore entities
  • Exit Strategy & IPO
  • Problem solving in Spain | by Novasigma Accounting & Law partner office


Incorporation, administration & business services in Spain

Incorporation services in Spain

  • New company formations in Montenegro
  • Business licenses in Spain
  • Company Closures and liquidations in Spain

Company administration in Spain

  • Legal registration address service for a Spanish company
  • Company secretarial service for a Spanish company


Additional business services in Spain (by Novasigma Certified Partners)

  • Virtual office services in Spain
  • Hosting services
  • Real estate in Spain (offices, trade facilities, industrial)

Accounting, bookkeeping & audit for a Spanish entity

Some of the common domestic accounting services we provide in Spain include

  • Bookkeeping and accounting
  • Invoicing and payments
  • Annual accounts
  • Monthly Reconciliation
  • Monthly financial statements (including balance sheet and income statement)
  • Payroll services
  • Income and tax return
  • Management accounts

Value Added Tax in Spain (VAT)

  • VAT registration
  • Advice on VAT scheme options
  • VAT returns and declarations


  • Annual accounts in view of an annual audit and attend accounting audits


Legal services for Montenegrin companies and business owners

Legal services in Spain for all Novasigma Clients including companies and their owners and directors

Novasigma has built in Spain a team of lawyers, associates and legal advisers to assist our clients with a business and tax planning, overseas business operations, risk management and other legal matters. Primarily focused on business transactions, Novasigma Accounting & Law corporate attorneys are a great asset to a small and large businesses. With a background on corporate law, our corporate lawyers and legal advisers have an in depth knowledge on the transactions that may put your business at risk of litigation. These include contracts and negotiations, taxation laws, business structuring, buy/sell agreements, and intellectual property, among others.


Banking, financial and insurance services in Spain

Banking services in Spain

  • Business bank accounts
  • Personal bank account
  • Payment service providers
  • Investment solutions
  • Alternative banking solutions

Financial services in Spain

  • Debt collection services
  • Invoice funding & cash flow solutions
  • Factoring
  • Leasing
  • Wealth management

Insurance services in Spain

  • Insurances for corporations
  • Insurances for business owners and their families


Tax residencies & Immigration services in Spain

  • Meeting with Novasigma before applying Spanish residency
  • Assistance in applying a tax residency from Spain
  • Personal bank account in Spain
  • Address service available for Novasigma business clients



  • golden visa portugal, spain, greece
    Golden Visa - Invest in your future
  • Invest in Mash group shares through Novasigma
  • TOP 50 Countries to Move for Young Up-Coming Self-Made Millionaires


Interested in Spain? Please leave us a message and we will come back to you shortly.


Available services

  • Company Formation
  • Company Administration
  • Company disclosure in netherlands, UK, Germany, Russia
    Business Disclosure & Redomiciliation
  • Marine, Aircraft & Vehicle Registration
  • Novasigma offers citizenship programs with Caribian passports and tax residencies with a immigration service
    Residency & Citizenship Solutions

News and Offers

Seychelles companies can now obtain a TIN number

Seychelles companies can now obtain a TIN number

SEYCHELLES COMPANIES CAN NOW OBTAIN A TIN NUMBER We are pleased to inform you that following recent legislative changes in Seychelles from now on any active Seychelles company with good standing status will be able to obtain a TIN (tax identification number) number. TIN could be obtained regardless of whether an IBC is conducting part of its activity in Seychelles or not. Why this matters? Considering the latest legislative changes in low tax and zero-tax jurisdictions, such as Belize and BVI, where great uncertainty creates significant concerns and issues due to…



WHY BECOME A CITIZEN OF MONTENEGRO? DONATION 100.000€ + MIN. PROPERTY INVESTMENT 250.00€ ONLY! We suggest the Citizenship Program Montenegro will offer our customers a lot of benefits. Citizenship for life, with the right to live and work in the country The time frame of processing application is within 6 months Dual citizenship is permitted…

SEZ – Special Economic Zones

SEZ – Special Economic Zones

WHAT IS SEZ? – a special economic zone is an area where business and trade laws differ from the rest of the country. Special Economic Zones aim to increase trade balance, boost employment rates by creating new jobs and increase investment into the country’s economy. The government uses various ways to encourage foreign and domestic investors to…

Bank Account for your Offshore Company

Bank Account for your Offshore Company

Offshore Companies and Banking in 2019 Whilst incorporating in Offshore jurisdictions has many potential benefits, with every passing day it is becoming increasingly harder to find banking, and thus – keep your business operational. In the beginning of 2018 you could find a bank agent to open a bank account for your offshore entity within…

Tax Free Company Package with Bank Account Guaranteed

Tax Free Company Package with Bank Account Guaranteed

SPECIAL OFFER – You can now set up a tax free offshore company in 5 different jurisdictions and open a bank account for your business with reasonable pricing. Company can be registered within 10 business days and as a client of Novasigma you can send your first invoice right after registration has been completed! Call…

Mauritius GBC1 Companies will be liable to tax rate of 15% from 1 Jan 2019

Mauritius GBC1 Companies will be liable to tax rate of 15% from 1 Jan 2019

As of 1 January 2019, GBC1 companies will be renamed as Global Business Licence (GBL) and will be liable to tax at the rate of 15%. However, GBL will qualify for an exemption of 80% of the specific foreign-source income (e.g. foreign dividend not allowed as deduction in source country, foreign interest income, foreign-source income…



Our client Scan2Move is a world recognized digital inventory list application for mobile devices with the main aim to bring the moving industry into the digital era. It is a well recognized solution by major global moving organizations like IAM and FIDI. The application makes the moving process more secure, smooth and cost-efficient. The solution…

Mash Group Plc – Investor Opportunity

Mash Group Plc – Investor Opportunity

Mash Group Plc (former Euroloan Group Oyj) is a rapidly growing international fintech group headquartered in Helsinki, Finland with offices in Luxembourg, Madrid, Stockholm and Warsaw. It has developed an efficient payment and financing business model and system in the market, and is a leading service provider in key European markets. Mash´s fully automated and…

Georgia – Tax (Free) Residency

Georgia – Tax (Free) Residency

ABOUT GEORGIAN TAX RESIDENCY We all want to find legal ways to reduce our yearly tax burden. For many of us, that means establishing our homes and/or businesses in low-tax countries. The good news is that most countries with low-tax systems are actively trying to attract wealthy individuals and the business expertise that they bring. The…

Novasigma provides international accounting services, company formation services, legal, business and tax advisory services | Terms of Use & Terms of Business | © 2019 NOVASIGMA Global - Accounting & Law Cooperative ("NOVASIGMA LIMITED"). Member firms of the NOVASIGMA Global - Accounting & Law network of independent firms are affiliated with NOVASIGMA Global - Accounting & Law. NOVASIGMA Global - Accounting & Law provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind NOVASIGMA Global - Accounting & Law or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does NOVASIGMA Global - Accounting & Law have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm. Independent registered advisers, lawyers and accountants are not owned by, affiliated with or supervised by Novasigma or its affiliates. Novasigma provides custody, trading and operational support services for advisers, lawyers and accountants. Not all products and services available through Novasigma and its affiliates are available through advisers, lawyers or accountants. Registration does not imply a certain level of skill or training. Depending on jurisdiction there might be eligibility requirements to work with a dedicated Financial Consultant, Lawyer or Accountant. Wealth management, accounting, audit and legal services refers to products and services available through the operating subsidiaries of the Novasigma Corporation of which there are important differences including, nut not limited to, the type of advice and assistance provided, fees charged, and the rights and obligations of the parties. It is important to understand the differences when determining which product and/or services to select. Novasigma provides a full range of business, financial, banking and tax advisory, accounting and legal services through its operating subsidiaries.

All rights reserved. NOVASIGMA is a trademark of Novasigma Ltd. Online services by NOVASIGMA LIMITED - Victoria, Mahe Island, Seychelles.

Latvijas Pasta Bank
NTL Immigration
CM Asesores
Blue Orange Bank