Saint Kitts and Nevis

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ABOUT SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS

Saint Kitts and Nevis at a Glance

The smallest sovereign state in the Americas is located in the Leeward Islands of the West Indies. The Federation unites the islands of St. Kitts and Nevis although both islands maintain certain independent regulation. The English-speaking islands remain under-developed by Caribbean standards, but tourism, the principal economy of the islands, has been growing steadily, bringing with it new hotels and resort developments. Both islands have international airports and two ferry lines connect them. The islands are still very connected with nature; it is estimated that St. Kitts & Nevis currently has a larger Vervet monkey population than humans.

  • Zero tax: St. Kitts & Nevis imposes no income, wealth or inheritance taxes.
  • St. Kitts & Nevis recognizes dual citizenship, so you can still benefit from your current citizenship.
  • Good visa-free travel: With a passport of St. Kitts & Nevis you can travel visa free and worry free to more than 150 countries in the world, including all Europe and Union countries, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Caribbean and Commonwealth nations. Citizens can often acquire long-term travel visas to the United States of America.

 

Population: 52.821 thousand
Form of government: Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Official & spoken languages: English
Currency: East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
Time zone: UTC-4
GDP (PPP): $1.458 billion
GDP (PPP)/per capita: $25.913
Average salary: 7665 XCD (2500€)
Unemployment: 4,5%
Major trading partners: United States, Poland, Canada, German, Barbados, United Kingdom, China,

 

PLEASE CONTACT US TO SCHEDULE A MEETING WITH THE NOVASIGMA CONSULTANT

Doing Business in Saint Kitts and Nevis

The Federation, whilst remaining part of the British Commonwealth undre Queen Elizabeth I, gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1983. Its status as a sovereign state, not under direct control from London, is increasingly important to our clients who are moving here from British Dependent Territories like BVI, Cayman and TCI.

Nevis also has experience dealing with the US market. Its LLCs are particularly familiar for clients looking to do business with USA financial institutions, while American asset protection lawyers in the know generally agree that Nevis is one of the two jurisdictions in the world offering the strongest level of statutory asset protection.

Advantages of doing business in Nevis

  • Political stability coupled with the Government’s policy of maintaining the International Financial Sector.
  • Well regulated, compliant jurisdiction with adequate safeguards.
  • There are no personal or corporate taxes levied on income derived from outside Nevis.
  • It is mandatory to prepare accounts, but there are no filing or audit requirements.
  • No exchange control with free repatriation of profits and capital.
  • Familiar corporate structure and good reputation make it easy to open bank accounts in Nevis and worldwide.

An LLC formed under the Nevis Limited Liability Company Ordinance is a legal entity with separate rights and liabilities, distinct from its managers or members. Therefore, the LLC shall be liable for its own debts, obligations and liabilities. The LLC may be managed either by its members or by third parties.

Key features and benefits

  • LLC is transparent (disregarded) for tax purposes.
  • Substantial flexibility within operating agreement with an emphasis on freedom and enforceability of contract. LLCs are more adaptable to the needs of small businesses. They are ideal for carrying on an active business or holding assets.
  • No public record requirement of members or managers, owners or directors.
  • Records may be maintained anywhere in the world.
  • No requirement for typical corporate formalities like meetings, minute books.
  • Assets transferred to an LLC become property of the LLC and are no longer under control of the member, meaning that the manager assumes a role similar to that of a trustee, but without many of the restrictions of a trust. For example, the LLC may conduct an active business.
  • An LLC can easily be structured so as to divide control and membership interests. Assets of the LLC controlled by a Nevisian manager, wherever in the world they are situated, are subject to exclusive jurisdiction of the Nevis courts. A foreign court order is not valid and forced repatriation of assets is not possible.
  • Unlike shares in a corporation, a creditor cannot seize a membership interest in an LLC. Creditors are restricted to a charging order that does not create membership rights or give any control over the business. A fair value exchange of assets for an LLC membership interest is statutorily protected against future claims of fraudulent conveyance.

The Nevis Business Corporation Ordinance was Nevis’ first international financial services legislation, passed in 1984. It was drawn up by US lawyers and based on the Delaware Corporation law model. It is Nevis’ version of the typical IBC or International Business Corporation and it has stood the test of time by offering flexibility and benefits to those seeking a traditional share-based corporate structure for their business or holding operations.

Corporations are recognised and understood worldwide as being separate legal persons with rights and liabilities separate from those of their shareholders. Nevis also offers statutory confidentiality, broad powers and a fast and efficient registration process.

Key benefits of the Nevis Business Corporation (Nevis IBC)

  • Complete powers to engage in any legitimate business worldwide, subject only to certain limitations on local business in Nevis.
  • Name may be registered in any language, with your choice of suffix such as Inc, S.A., Limited, BV, SARL, KFT, etc. The name must; however, be written in the Latin/English alphabet.
  • Any person or company from any jurisdiction may incorporate a Nevis IBC. Corporate directors and single subscriber companies are permitted.
  • Complete exemption from Nevis taxes.
  • Details of management and ownership remain private.
  • Redomiciliation permitted into and out of Nevis, including emergency redomiciliation.
  • Certification of documents under the Hague Convention.

The Nevis Multiform Foundation Ordinance, passed in 2004, created a new and innovative Nevis corporate entity based on the civil law ‘Foundation’ that is well known in jurisdictions such as Liechtenstein and Panama. While many Foundations are formed for charitable purposes, continental European families have been using Private Foundations for asset and succession protection since well before the second world war. A Foundation may provide an easier asset management tool particularly where assets or residence are located in civil law countries.

They key difference between a Foundation and a Trust is that a Foundation, like a company or LLC, has its own separate and distinct legal personality, whereas a Trust operates under the legal personality of its trustee. A trust is frequently misunderstood and the very flexibility of a trust can lead to misunderstandings which may be solved by the use of a Foundation.

The Multiform Foundation is a hybrid vehicle without owners managed by a supervisory board on behalf of its beneficiaries and according to a defined constitution. The Nevis Foundation is ‘multi-form’ because it may take the form of an ordinary charitable foundation, a private interest foundation, a trust, a company, a partnership or a tax-resident foundation and it may change its form during its lifetime.

Key features of Nevis Multiform Foundations

  • Provision for existing foreign and domestic business entities to continue, transfer, convert, consolidate or merge into a Multiform Foundation.
  • For administrative purposes it may take the form of a trust, a company, a LLC or a partnership.
  • This form may be changed at any time without affecting existence, rights or obligations.
  • By-laws are filed with register and may be certified, apostilled, etc,  but are not subject to public inspection.
  • A multiform foundation may choose to be governed by foreign law either completely or in part.
  • The name of the Foundation must end with the word ‘Foundation’ or the abbreviation ‘FDN.’
  • There is no requirement for beneficiaries to be named.
  • The Foundation is tax-exempt by default, but it may elect to become tax-resident of Nevis and pay taxes at a maximum rate of 1% in order to qualify for treaty benefits if desired.
  • Any legal action against the Foundation must be brought exclusively in Nevis and any proceedings apart from criminal proceedings will be held in private.
  • Statute of limitations of one year for fraudulent conveyance claims. Statute of Elizabeth is excluded from Multiform Foundations by the governing law.
  • Use of the Foundation as a self-owned structure may avoid CFC legislation in other jurisdictions.

PLEASE CONTACT US TO SCHEDULE A MEETING WITH THE NOVASIGMA CONSULTANT

 

The World Bank “Ease of doing Business -ranking”

Overall rank 2016: rank 134th
– Starting a business: rank 91(average processing time 18.5days)
– Dealing with construction permits: rank 33(average processing time 105 days)
– Getting electricity: rank 94 (average installation time 18 days)
– Registering property: rank 184 (average processing time 224 day)
– Getting credit: rank 159
– Protecting minority investors: rank 119
– Paying taxes: rank 124 (average company tax from profits 49,7%, average time used for taxation 203 hours per year)
– Trading across borders rank 66
– Enforcing contract: rank 50 (average 578 days, average cost from standing amount 26,6%)
– Resolving Insolvency: rank 168

 

Residency, Second Citizenship and Moving to Saint Kitts and Nevis

ST. Kitts & Nevis – Citizenship by Investment Programme

The Federation of St Christopher and Nevis, also known as St Kitts and Nevis, has the longest-standing citizenship-by-investment initiative in the world established in 1984.

A St. Kitts & Nevis passport allows visa-free travel to more than 150+ countries, including all European Union countries, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Caribbean and Commonwealth nations. Citizens can often acquire long-term travel visas to the United States of America.

The island federation imposes no residency requirements and no income, wealth or inheritance taxes. There is no requirement to visit St. Kitts & Nevis in order to qualify for citizenship, although all applicants are subject to a strict background check. The granting of citizenship is at the sole discretion of the government. There is no guarantee that the applicant will be approved.

Government Donation to Sugar Industry Diversification Fund (S.I.D.F.)

The Sugar Industry Diversification Foundation is a public charity established to support displaced St. Kitts and Nevis sugar workers. The fund researches and financially aids the development of industries to replace the sugar industry.

In order to qualify, the investor commits a non-refundable S.I.D.F. charitable donation of:

  • US$250,000 for a single person
  • US$300,000 for a family of four
  • US$350,000 for a family of five
  • US$450,000 for six or more persons.

Before transferring the contribution funds, applications are submitted with due diligence fees; US$7.5k for main applicant and US$4k for each dependent over the age of sixteen. Upon completion of the due diligence process, instructions will be provided for transfer of funds into Escrow account and citizenship is granted. The complete process usually takes from 3 to 6 months

Once application is accepted, funds are transferred to the Government, Lifetime Citizenship is granted.

Total costs of Citizenship by donation option (family of 4 with 2 children under 16):

Contributor: US$300,000
Due Diligence Investor fee: US$7,500
Due Diligence Spouse US$4,000
Professional Fees: US$25,000
TOTAL INVESTMENT: US$336,500

Real Estate Investment Option

The Federation expects tourism to be a pillar of its economy far into the future. In a move to increase tourism related development, infrastructure and services, the Citizenship by Investment program directs real estate acquisition into approved tourism-related projects.

To qualify, the investor must enter into a contract to purchase real estate with a minimum value of US$400k on either St. Kitts or Nevis. Once the purchase contract has been signed, and the developer has received initial deposit (usually 10-20 percent), the investor may apply for citizenship.

Qualifying real estate investments must be in completed, or under construction, houses, condos etc. Land only purchases do not qualify. The exception is the Mega-Development, Christophe Harbour, on the south peninsula of St. Kitts, where qualifying lots may be purchased at a minimum of US$700k. These lots are an exception and do not have to be built on in any period of time to qualify. There are multiple marinas under development and marina slips also qualify, provided that they meet the minimum investment of US$400k.

Additional processing fees apply when choosing the real estate option; Investor US$50k, US$25k per spouse and dependent under 18yrs and US$50k per dependent 18yrs+.

Once citizenship has been approved, the real estate transaction will be completed. The only applicable restriction is that the property may NOT be sold within five years. In theory, if the property is sold within the five-year restriction period, the citizenship may be revoked. After the five-year period has been completed, the real estate may be sold and citizenship retained by the original owner, and the new buyer may apply for citizenship.

Real estate developments on St. Kitts and Nevis cater to the Citizenship by Investment program, and are focused on making ownership as hassle-free as possible. Rental and property management programs take the stress out of owning vacation realty, and at least one development offers a guaranteed annual fixed return on investment of 4 percent of the purchase price, with the developer paying all the HOA fees, property taxes and property insurance.

Whole ownership is currently the norm with the government-approved real estate developments. Recent modifications to the regulations state that two or more investors may apply for citizenship through the same property, as long as each investor contributes the required US$400k. This allows for fractional interest investment, and many of the developments currently offer or are planning to offer fractional property soon.

The island of St. Kitts is experiencing quicker growth and enjoys more tourism infrastructure than Nevis. Approved projects dot the prime bays and beaches, ranging from exotic wood cottages on the beach, restored sugar plantations with traditional plantation-style homes, modern condominiums, marinas and golf courses. There are also ownership options at a mass-market beach resort with casino.

Nevis is the more laid back, less populated and smaller of the two islands, so it is no surprise that development on Nevis is much less evident. Although Nevis supports one of the few true 5-star resorts in the Caribbean, and a spectacular golf course, the island has retained a simple elegance. A new marina has begun construction in Nevis, and there are new projects under way. Secluded developments and old plantations offer the same real estate options as St. Kitts but on a more sublime level.

Total investment: Real Estate Acquisition option (family of 4 with 2 children under 16):

Real Estate Purchase: US$400,000 +
Due Diligence Investor fee: US$7,500
Due Diligence Spouse US$4,000
Applicant Processing Investor: US$50,000
Applicant Processing Spouse US$25,000
Applicant Processing Children (2) US$25,000 x 2
Professional Fees: US$25,000
TOTAL Investment: US$561,500

 

Approved Real Estate in St. Kitts and Nevis (please ask updated list of approved real estate)

  1. CHRISTOPHE HARBOUR
  2. EMBASSY SUITES BY HILTON PELICAN BAY
  3. FOUR SEASON RESORT ESTATES, NEVIS
  4. CADES BEACH RESORT, NEVIS
  5. ZENITH, NEVIS
  6. KOI RESORT & RESIDENCE

Need more details about citizenship program? Please call us or fill in the form and we will get back to you shortly!

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Taxation in Saint Kitts and Nevis

Taxes in Saint Kitts & Nevis

  • Residence: A company is deemed to be resident if it is incorporated in St.Kitts & Nevis: registered as an external company in St.Kitts & Nevis or centrally managed and controlled in there.
  • Basis: A resident company is taxed on worldwide income. A nonresident company is taxed on income derived or sourced from St.Kitts & Nevis
  • Taxable income: Taxable income is calculated as net profit before tax, adjust for nondeductible expenses and allowable deductions
  • Taxation of dividends: Dividends paid to another resident company are not subject to withholding tax, but are subject to corporation tax.
  • Capital gains: Capital gains are not subject to tax unless the asset is sold within one year of purchase. The capital gains tax is the lower of half the efective ST. Kitts & Nevis corporation ax rate for the year, or 20%.
  • LossesLosses may be carried forward for up to five years. Losses may offset only 50% of taxable income for a year. The carryback of losses is not permitted
  • Foreign tax credit: Foreign tax credits normally are not granted, except in the case of taxes paid in a British Commonwealth country that grants similar for St. Kitts & Nevis taxes or where a tax treaty permits.
  • Participation exemption: No
Taxable income: 33%
Taxation of dividends:
VAT registration: The registration threshold is a total value of supplies exceeding XCD 96 000 for specific professional services, and XCD 150 000 for other business. Voluntary registration may be made at the discretion of the Comptroller of Inland Revenue
– VAT Rates: The standard rate is 17% and a reduced rate of 10%applies within the tourism sector. Certain goods and services may be zero-rated or exempt.
Surtax: No
Alternative minimum tax: No
Withholding tax (general):
– From Dividends There is no withholding tax on dividend payments to residents, a 10% withholding tax applies on payments to nonresidents.
– From Royalties There is no withholding tax on royalty payments to residents, a 10% withholding tax applies on payments to nonresidents.
– From Interests There is no withholding tax on interest payments to residents, a 10% withholding tax applies on payments to nonresidents.
– Technical services There is no withholding tax on technical service  fees payments to residents, a 10% withholding tax applies on payments to nonresidents.
Transfer tax: No
Capital gains tax: Not subject to tax unless the asset is sold with pone year of of purchase. The capital gains tax is the lower of half the effective St. Kitts & Nevis corporation tax rate for the year, or 20%
Real property tax: Property tax is assessed on the market value of real property and ranges from 0.2% to 0.3%, depending on the use and location of the property
Social security: The employer contributes 5% of employee earnings for social security and 1% of employee earnings for employment injury benefits. The contribution ceiling for the main scheme and employment injury benefits is XCD 6 500 per month. The employer also contributes 3%of employee earnings for the housing and social Development Levy and 1% of employee earnings for severance payment contributions
Payroll tax: No
Stamp duty: Stamp duty on the transfer of real property ranges from 2% to 18.5% depending on the consideration and/or the location of the property, and is payable by the seller
Capital duty: No
Tax treaties: Treaties are in force with CARICOM, Monaco, Switzerland and the UK
Anti-avoidance rules:
– Transfer pricing No
– Thin capitalization rule No
– Disclosure requirements No

Compliance for corporation:

  • Tax year:The tax year is based on the company’s fiscal year end 
  • Consolidated returns: Not permitted, each company must file a separate return
  • Filling requirements: The tax return must be filed by the 15th day of the fourth month after the company’s year-end, along with financial statements
  • Penalties: A penalty of 5% of the tax owed, plus 1% of the tax owed for each month the return is outstanding may apply
  • Rulings: Rulings may be requested
  • Tax authorities: Inland Revenue Department

Personal Taxation in Saint Kitts & Nevis 2016

Personal taxation basis:

  • .There is no personal income tax

Tax Residence:

Filling status:

Income tax rates in Saint Kitts & Nevis

Social security payments in Saint Kitts & Nevis :

  • Employees contribute 5% of earnings to social security, up to a contribution ceiling of XCD 6,500. The housing and Development Levy also applies, at a rate of 3,5% on earnings up to XCD 6,500; 10% on earnings from XCD 6,500.01 to 8000 and 12& on earnings exceeding XCD 8,000.

Inheritance/estate tax in Saint Kitts & Nevis :

  • No

Net wealth/net worth tax in Saint Kitts & Nevis :

  • No

Tax year:

  • There is no personal income tax

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OUR OFFERS IN SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS

 

  • TAX & WEALTH PROTECTION PLAN

 

NOVASIGMA IN SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS

 

Consulting & advisory services for Saint Kitts & Nevis entities

  • Due diligence process
  • Foreign Market entry & Supplier search
  • Business Plans & Descriptions
  • Development & Capital Advisory
  • International Tax Planning
  • Funding & Investor Search
  • Citizenship in Saint Kitts & Nevis
  • Business Restructuring via Offshore entities
  • Exit Strategy & IPO
  • Problem solving in Saint Kitts & Nevis | by Novasigma Accounting & Law partner office

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Incorporation, administration & business services in Saint Kitts & Nevis

Incorporation services in Saint Kitts & Nevis

  • New company formations in Saint Kitts & Nevis
  • Company Closures and liquidations in Saint Kitts & Nevis

Company administration in Saint Kitts & Nevis

  • Legal registration address service for a Saint Kitts & Nevis company
  • Company secretarial service for a Saint Kitts & Nevis company
  • Nominee director services
  • Nominee shareholder services

Additional business services in Saint Kitts & Nevis (by Novasigma Certified Partners)

  • Virtual office services in Saint Kitts & Nevis
  • Hosting services
  • Real estate in Saint Kitts & Nevis (offices, trade facilities, industrial)

Value Added Tax (VAT)

  • VAT registration
  • Advice on VAT scheme options
  • VAT returns and declarations

Audit

  • Annual accounts in view of an annual audit and attend accounting audits

Legal services for Saint Kitts & Nevis companies and business owners

Legal services in Saint Kitts & Nevis for all Novasigma Clients including companies and their owners and directors

Novasigma has built in Saint Kitts & Nevis a team of lawyers, associates and legal advisers to assist our clients with a business and tax planning, overseas business operations, risk management and other legal matters. Primarily focused on business transactions, Novasigma Accounting & Law corporate attorneys are a great asset to a small and large businesses. With a background on corporate law, our corporate lawyers and legal advisers have an in depth knowledge on the transactions that may put your business at risk of litigation. These include contracts and negotiations, taxation laws, business structuring, buy/sell agreements, and intellectual property, among others.

PLEASE CONTACT US FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT LEGAL SERVICES IN SAINT KITTS & NEVIS

Banking, financial and insurance services in Saint Kitts & Nevis

Banking services in Saint Kitts & Nevis

  • Business bank accounts
  • Personal bank account opening for business owners
  • Payment service providers
  • Investment solutions
  • Alternative banking solutions

Financial services in Saint Kitts & Nevis

  • Debt collection services
  • Invoice funding & cash flow solutions
  • Factoring
  • Leasing
  • Wealth management

Insurance services in Saint Kitts & Nevis

  • Insurances for corporations
  • Insurances for business owners and their families

PLEASE CONTACT US FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT BANKING & FINANCIAL SERVICES IN SAINT KITTS & NEVIS

Tax residencies & Immigration services

  • Meeting with Novasigma before applying Saint Kitts & Nevis residency
  • Assistance in applying a tax residency from Saint Kitts & Nevis
  • Personal bank account in Saint Kitts & Nevis
  • Second Passort
  • Address service available for Novasigma business clients

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NEWS AND BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS

  • High Net Worth Individuals immigration soars 16%
  • Offshore bank account opening with Euro Pacific Bank
    Euro Pacific Bank- New USD Route available

Interested in Saint Kitts and Nevis? Please leave us a message and we will come back to you shortly.

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    Tax Planning, Business Structuring & Wealth Protection
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  • Novasigma offers citizenship programs with Caribian passports and tax residencies with a immigration service
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