Monaco at a Glance

Easily accessible, the Principality of Monaco offers an exceptional life-style at the heart of Europe and the next to Mediterranean sea. Among the many aspects which make Monaco a strategic location for doing business in Europe are its unique political and economic environment, the presence of efficient administrative infrastructures, the density of financial activities and the security for residents and their property. Moreover, the Principality of Monaco is an ideal living environment for highly qualified professionals, offering a pleasant and prestigious life-style , total security for themselves and their property, a socially and culturally diverse atmosphere, numerous education possibilities, for their children and technologically advanced health facilities.


Population: 37 308
Form of government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Official & spoken languages: French
Currency: Euro
Time zone: CET (UTC+1) summer CEST (UTC+2)
GDP (PPP): $6,5 billion
GDP (PPP)/per capita: $168 000
Unemployment 2%
Average salary €2900




Doing Business in Monaco

Advantages of doing business in Monaco

Incorporating a General Business Corporation in Monaco( GBC) can be easy, it only requires:

  • Two shareholders of any nationality and residency who can be an individual or a body corporate
  • Two individual directors of any nationality and residency
  • A paid-up share capital of EUR 150 000

Monaco is a great place for high net worth individuals to live because:

  • Monaco residents do not have to pay any local personal income tax to the Monaco tax authorities. Except French citizens, as they have to pay French personal income tax.
  • You do not have to pay any inheritance or gift tax, excepted on local assets.
  • Most locals are also fluent in English, Italian, Russian and other main European languages, so it easy to find the same language.
  • Local residences are often luxurious, with great utilities and facilities, so Monaco real estate is a safe investment.
  • Monaco is with low criminality a safe place for families with kids
  • If you have a lease agreement for a residential address in Monaco, you do not have criminal record, you have sufficient income( at least €0,5 million per year in most cases) you can request a residency permit.

Forming a company in Monaco offers the following tax advantages:

  • Companies making over 75% of their sales within Monaco, are legally exempt from corporate income tax.
  • Companies subject to corporate income tax, still benefits from a two years tax holiday from the date of their formation in Monaco. Thereafter, these businesses benefits furthermore from reduced rates of: 8,5%(3rd year), 16,5% (”’4th) and 25%(5th year).
  • Although Monaco is not a member of the European Union, it is still part of the EU customs zone, so entrepreneurs exporting products and services to other EU countries will not be subject to custom duties.
  • Monaco  implementsd no withholding taxes are foreign exchange controls and the country is part of the Eurozone.
  • Furthermore, Monaco is a regulated, stable jurisdiction within an established judiciary, giving international investors long-term security

 Disadvantages of doing business in Monaco

A Monaco company is not an offshore company:

  • It is subject to corporate income tax 33% if its global sales exceed 25% of its total sales. 
  • Monaco also requires companies registered in Monaco to apply value added tax on their local and French sales at the French rate of 20%

Starting a business in Monaco is time consuming and costly because:

  • Monaco company formation is expensive, due to a minimum paid-up capital of €150,000. The required amount is furthermore significantly higher in many industries, so it is important to carefully plan ahead the structuring of the company. 
  • Monaco´s Government closely vets prospective investors and companies. Under the terms of its license, each company must abide by stringent operating restrictions, including: The company must carry out only the narrow band of activities, for which it is licensed and the company must have physical premises and staff in Monaco
  • Because of the complex and lengthy government approval procedures, Monaco company formation ca take up to six months. Companies being set up to conduct activities such as commercial banking, investment management, notary services, legal services, architects, certified public accountants and insurance companies are subject to additional approvals.


Residency and Moving to Monaco

Tax Resident in Monaco


  • Tax Resident of Monaco is individual that has Monaco residency or Monaco is center of his business and personal interest.
  • Tax Resident of Monaco is individual that spends in Monaco above 183 days during calendar year
  • Tax Resident of Monaco personal income tax are 0%, except French nationals. French nationals have to pay taxes according to French law.


  • enterprises, irrespective of their legal form, which carry on industrial or commercial activities in Monaco if at least 25% of their turnover results from
    operations which are conducted directly or indirectly outside Monaco;
  • companies (sociétés) whose activity in Monaco consists of collecting the proceeds of:  the sale or licensing of patent rights, trademarks,
    manufacturing processes and formulas; or literary or artistic copyrights.

Taxation in Monaco

Corporate Taxes in Monaco

Residence: A company that is registered in Monaco

Basis: Resident companies are taxed on worldwide income  tax 33% if its global sales exceed 25% of its total sales

Taxable income: Taxable income is based on accounting profit, adjusted for tax purposes by nondeductible expenses, nontaxable income, tax depreciation, etc.

Taxation of dividends: The standard withholding tax rate on dividends in Monaco is 0%. However, a holding company owning more than 20% of the shares of a non-resident company will pay corporate tax dividens 

Capital gains: Monaco does not levy withholding tax on capital gains taxation. 

LossesTax losses(including capital losses) may be carried forward up to 5 years. Carry back of losses is permitted in certain cases for up to 3 years. 

Participation exemptionSee Taxation of dividends

Taxable income: 0%/33%
Taxation of dividends: 0%
VAT registration: All companies are required to register for VAT
– VAT Rates: The standard rate of VAT is 20%. 
Alternative minimum tax: No
Withholding tax (general): 0%
Capital gains tax: 0%
Real property tax: There are generally no property taxes in Monaco
Social security: Social insurance contributions payable by employers and employees are high. The employer’s contribution is between 28%-40% (averaging 35%) of gross salary including benefits and the employee pays a further 10%-14% (averaging 13%).
Payroll tax: 0% 
Stamp duty: No
Capital duty: No
Tax treaties: More than 90 tax treaties are in force. Belgium signed the OECD multilateral instrument on 7 June 2017.
Anti-avoidance rules:
– Transfer pricing Transactions between related parties (as defined) must be at arm’s length. The comparable uncontrolled price method may be used, but in the absence of any direct comparables, the taxpayer may use the cost-plus or the resale price method.
– Thin capitalization rule There are no specific thin capitalization rules, but interest paid to a nonresident (whether or not related) must be on arm’s length terms.
– Disclosure requirements No

Compliance for corporation:

Tax year: Calendar year.

Filling requirements: The tax return must be filed within three months after the year-end.

Rulings: No.

Tax authorities: The tax authorities are organized within the Ministry of Finance and the municipal level.

Personal Taxation in Monaco 2018

Personal taxation basis:

Residents individuals pay taxes 0%

Tax Residence:

An individual is resident if he/she is in Monaco for 183 days or more in a calendar year.

Social security payments in Monaco:

Social security contributions due by an employee are levied at a rate of 10%-14% (averaging 13%).

Inheritance/estate tax in Monaco:

Inheritance and gift taxes are only payable by residents on assets situated in Monaco and do not apply to assets located outside the jurisdiction. The rates of tax payable depend on how close the relationship is between the donor and the done with the general rule being that the more distant the relationship the higher the tax payable.

The rates payable on transfers of property situated in Monaco whether by way of inter vivos gift or on death are as follows:

  • Direct line spouses (wife, parents and children), 0%
  • Brothers and Sisters, 8%;
  • Uncles, Aunts, Nieces & Nephews, 10%;
  • Other relatives, 13%;
  • Unrelated persons, 16%.

Net wealth/net worth tax in Monaco:


Tax year:

Calendar year




  • business planning, tax consulting by Novasigma
  • Monaco - Company Formation from 2.600€
  • Personal Tax Plan and Wealth protection cases


Consulting & Advisory services

Consulting & Advisory services

  • Due diligence process
  • Foreign Market entry & Supplier search
  • Business Plans & Descriptions
  • Development & Capital Advisory
  • International Tax Planning
  • Funding & Investor Search
  • Taxation in Monaco
  • Business Restructuring via Offshore entities
  • Exit Strategy & IPO
  • Problem solving in Monaco by Novasigma Accounting & Law partner offices


Incorporation, Administration & Business services in Monaco

Incorporation services in Monaco

  • New company formations in Monaco | from 2.200€
  • Company Closures and liquidations in Monaco

Company administration in Monaco

  • Legal registration address service for a Monaco company
  • Company secretarial service
  • Nominee director services
  • Nominee shareholder/ techical UBO services


Additional business services in Monaco (by Novasigma Certified Partners)

Accounting and Bookkeeping services in Monaco

Some of the common domestic Accounting and Bookkeeping services we provide in Monaco include

  • Bookkeeping and Accounting Package
    • Invoicing and payments
    • Annual accounts
    • Monthly Reconciliation
    • Monthly financial statements (including balance sheet and income statement)
    • Payroll services
    • Income and tax return
  • Management accounts

Value Added Tax (VAT)

  • VAT registration
  • EORI registration
  • Advice on VAT scheme options
  • VAT returns and declarations


  • Annual accounts in view of an annual audit and attend accounting audits | Ask for quotation

Legal services for Monaco companies and business owners

Legal services in Monaco for all Novasigma Clients including companies and their owners and directors

Novasigma has built in Monaco team of lawyers, associates and legal advisers to assist our clients with a business and tax planning, overseas business operations, risk management and other legal matters. Primarily focused on business transactions, Novasigma Accounting & Law corporate attorneys are a great asset to a small and large businesses. With a background on corporate law, our corporate lawyers and legal advisers have an in depth knowledge on the transactions that may put your business at risk of litigation. These include contracts and negotiations, taxation laws, business structuring, buy/sell agreements, and intellectual property, among others.

Send us a Brief for Quotation

Banking, Financial and Insurance services in Monaco

Banking services in Monaco

  • Business bank accounts in Monaco
  • Personal bank account opening for business owners
  • Payment service providers
  • Investment solutions
  • Alternative banking solutions

Financial services in Monaco

  • Debt collection services
  • Invoice funding & cash flow solutions
  • Factoring
  • Leasing
  • Wealth management



  • 10 Low Tax Countries for Living in Europe
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Interested in Monaco? Please leave us a message and we will come back to you shortly.


Available services

  • Company Formation
  • Company Administration
  • Company disclosure in netherlands, UK, Germany, Russia
    Business Disclosure & Redomiciliation
  • Marine, Aircraft & Vehicle Registration
  • Novasigma offers citizenship programs with Caribian passports and tax residencies with a immigration service
    Residency & Citizenship Solutions

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