Israel at a Glance

Israel is located in the Middle East. It lies at the junction of three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa. Over the years, Israel has become a hotbed for many startups and mature companies and has provided numerous opportunities for growth and success.

Government policy is aimed at providing investment incentives to industries which increase the country’s exports and create jobs. There are limited restrictions on sectors in which a foreign investor may invest, other than where there are defence considerations. Prior approval for an investment is generally not required except for investment in regulated bodies such as banks and insurance companies.
Israel is also committed to the principles of free trade, shown by the large number of free trade agreements to which it is party.

Israeli business associations actively seek overseas partners for investing in Israeli companies. In the light of the relatively small domestic market in Israel, export opportunities and international business connections are very important to Israeli businesses. They are generally supportive of government policy regarding incentives and often view foreign investors as a further opportunity to expand business and improve standards, rather than as a competitive threat. To reach its goals, Israel offers substantial benefits, incentives and concessions through various laws and regulations more fully discussed below. These incentives are available to both foreign and Israeli investors. The main exceptions are where, in certain cases, larger tax reductions are available to foreign-owned enterprises compared with Israeli-owned enterprises; and the income from foreign currency deposits of foreign investors held in Israeli banks is tax exempt.

Population: 8.813 million
Form of government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Official & spoken languages: Hebrew Arabic
Currency: New shekel
Time zone: IST (UTC+2) Summer IDT (UTC+3)
GDP (PPP): $332.541 billion
GDP (PPP)/per capita: $37.486
Average salary: 3450€
Unemployment: 4%
Major trading partners: United States, Belgium, Hong Kong, India, Netherlands, Germany,



Doing Business in Israel

Advantages of doing business in Israel

1.An Israeli private LLC can be registered by 1 director and 1 shareholder, who need not be Israeli nationals or residents. Furthermore, there is no obligation for visit Israel complete the registration process. Also there is no  statutory share capital requirement.
2. Israeli companies will enjoy several benefits including:

  • Companies investing in approved R&D projects may receive funding from the Office of Chief Scientist (OCS) covering between 20% and 50% of the program’s budget. Furthermore, such companies operating in priority areas will be eligible for an additional 10% grant from the OCS.
  • Industrial companies incorporated in Israel will enjoy reduced tax rates of either 10% or 15%, the companies export 25% of their produce abroad or invest in the field of biotechnology or nanotechnology. As a result of these incentives, Israel was 3rd best in the world in the metric “innovation” in the 2016 Global Competitiveness Report
  • Multinational companies investing at least US$2.5 million and hiring at least 250 people in the country may be eligible for reduced corporate tax rates, ranging between 5% and 8%
  • Dividends distributed by an Israeli company will be completely corporate tax exempt if the source of the income is also in the country
  • Goods imported in the Eilat free trade zone will be exempt from VAT and other duties if the goods are used or sold within the free zone
  • The world bank ranked Israel as the 8th best jurisdiction in the world with regards to the metric “protecting minority investors”. As a result, foreign investors will feel secure when investing in the country
  • There are no exchange controls in Israel. As a result will be able to easily repatriate the profits to their home countries
  • Israel has signed tax treaties with over 50 countries including, China, India, Singapore, UK and USA to reduce withholding taxes on payments abroad

Disadvantages of doing business in Israel

1. All companies doing business in Israel are required to file audited annual tax returns and financial statements within five months after their fiscal year.

2.To undertake business activities in Israel. An entrepreneur needs a Business Visa.

3. Israel is ranked as the world’s 37th least corrupt country, according to the 2014 Corruption Perception Index by Transparency International, a global measure of corruption amongst public officials and politicians


The World Bank “Ease of doing Business -ranking”

Overall rank 2016: rank 54th
– Starting a business: rank 37
– Dealing with construction permits: rank 65
– Getting electricity: rank 77
– Registering property: rank 130
– Getting credit: rank 55
– Protecting minority investors: rank 16
– Paying taxes: rank 99
– Trading across borders rank 60
– Enforcing contract: rank 92
– Resolving Insolvency: rank 29



Residency and Moving to Israel

Why You Should Become a Tax Resident in Israel

Israeli resident individuals are subject to Israeli tax on their worldwide income and capital gains. Effective January 1, 2007, “New Residents” and “Senior Returning Residents” (Israelis who have lived abroad for at least 10 years) are both entitled to the same package of tax benefits, which include a 10-year exemption from reporting and payment of tax from all non-Israeli sourced income and capital gains, even if the foreign assets were acquired after moving to Israel. Due to these benefits, many immigrants request to be considered new Israeli tax residents, by requesting residency certificates from the Israeli Tax Authority (ITA), even if they have not actually moved to Israel permanently.

The new ruling was given to an individual who conducts business in Israel and abroad, who is going through divorce proceedings and who is a resident of a country that signed on a tax treaty with Israel (country “A”). The individual owns a home in Israel and has been spending more time in Israel since 2016, than he had done in previous years. The individual intends to transfer the center of his life to Israel, to increase the number of days he stays in Israel and to live in his apartment in Israel from 2017 onwards. The individual intends to continue his business activity abroad, and for this purpose, he will be spending a significant amount of time outside of Israel every year.


Taxation in Israel

Corporate Taxes in Israel

  • Residence: A corporation is deemed to be resident in Israel if its activities are managed and controlled from Israel or if it is incorporated under the laws of Israel.A foreign corporation managed and controlled by a new Israeli resident or a senior returning resident (an individual who spent at least 10 years abroad) generally will not be classified as an Israeli resident company for 10 years from the date of return to Israel.Basis: Israeli resident companies are subject to tax on worldwide profits and gains, with credit granted for overseas taxes paid. A nonresident company is subject to tax only on Israeli-source profits, which include income derived from an Israeli permanent establishment (PE) or income accrued and produced in Israel, as well as capital gains from the sale of Israeli assets.
  • Taxable income: An Israeli resident corporation is subject to corporate income tax on its worldwide income and to capital gains tax on worldwide capital gains
  • Taxation of dividends: The tax rate on dividends distributed by an Israeli resident company to another Israeli company is 0%, provided the dividends arise from income produced or accrued in Israel by a company that is subject to corporate income taxation. The tax rate on dividends received from abroad, is 23%; a tax credit will be granted for tax withheld abroad. Alternatively, the gross dividend will be subject to the regular corporate tax rate 23%, with a direct and an indirect foreign tax credit if the Israeli company qualifies for the indirect tax credit mechanism.Dividends distributed by a “preferred enterprise” are taxed at a 20% rate. Dividends distributed by an “approved/benefited enterprise” generally are taxed at a 15% rate if the distributions is made from profits attributable to the approved/benefited enterprise (a reduced rate 4% on the alternative incentive track (“Ireland track) applies only to distributions to nonresident companies).Dividends distributed by a “preferred technological enterprise” or a “Special preferred technological enterprise” out of “technological earnings” (earning derived in the enterprise ordinary course of business from a qualifying intangible owned by the enterprise) are taxed at a 20% rate (or at a reduced rate of 4% if distributed to a nonresident company).Dividends distributed from a revaluation of assets will be taxed as a sale of the assets, and thus will be subject to capital gains tax, levied on the difference between the original purchase price of the assets and the gross amount distributed.
  • Capital gains:The capital gains tax rate depends on the purchase date and the nature of the asset. The general capital gains tax rate for a corporation is the standard corporate tax rate. The inflationary component of the gain (accrued as from 1 January 1994) is exempt from tax.An Israeli resident is  subject to capital gains tax on the disposal of its assets, regardless of whether the assets are located in Israel. Capital gains derived from the sale, exchange, transfer or other disposition of tangible and intangible capital assets located in Israel or constituting a direct or an indirect ownership interest of assets in Israel are treated as Israeli-source income and are subject to capital gains tax, regardless of whether the seller is a resident of Israel for Israeli tax purposes. Shares and other securities of non-Israeli companies, ao shares and other securities of non-Israeli companies holding their main assets in Israel, also may be treated as Israel assets.Persons who are not residents of Israel for tax purposes are exempt from Israel capital gains tax on gains from the sale of shares traded on the Tel Aviv stock exchange, unless the gain is attributable to a PE the seller maintains in Israel.A broad exemption from capital gains tax applies to gains derived from the sale of securities in Israeli-related companies acquired on or after 1 January 2009 by all non residents (both entities and individuals), regardless of whether the nonresident is eligible for benefits under a tax treaty.The exemption does not apply (1) to shares of companies whose assets consists primarily (directly or indirectly) of real estate (i.e land or buildings) located in Israel or rights to exploit natural resources in Israel; (2) if the shares sold were purchased from a related party or by way of certain tax-deferred reorganizations; (3) if the shares were held through a PE or (4) if the nonresident selling entity is 25% or more controlled by Israeli resident.Capital gains derived by a preferred technological enterprises or a special preferred technological enterprise from the sale of qualifying intangible assets to a related nonresident company are taxed at a rate of 12% or 6% for a preferred technological enterprise pr a special preferred technological enterprise, respectively, if certain conditions are fulfilled.
  • LossesTrading or business losses may be offset against income from any source in the current tax year. Trading or business losses may be carried forward indefinitely to be offset against business income and business capital gains. Losses may not be carried out.
  • Foreign tax credit: Israel grants a direct tax credit on foreign tax paid on non-Israel-source income. An indirect tax credit is granted in certain cases..
  • Participation exemptionA special tax regime applies to Israel holding companies that invest in foreign corporations. An eligible corporations is entitled to an exemption from tax on dividends received from a qualified foreign subsidiary and on capital gains derived from the sale of shares in such a subsidiary, as well as a full exemption from tax on financial income derived from investments in the Israeli capital market. In addition, dividends paid by the holding company to a nonresident shareholder are subject to a 5% withholding tax, rather than the regular corporate income tax rate /23% in 2018).
Taxable income: 26.5%
Taxation of dividends:
VAT registration: An Israeli company, or a foreign company conducting business in Israel, generally must register for VAT purposes. A non registered foreign company operating in Israel generally must register within 30 days. Furthermore, a foreign company registered in Israel or a nonregistered foreign company that carries on an activity or business in Israel must appoint a local representative for VAT purposes within 30 days of commencing its domestic activities, and must notify the VAT office closest to its place of business.
– VAT Rates: The standard VAT rate is 17%. Certain items are subject to a 0% rate, including exported goods, intangible goods and the provision of certain services to nonresidents (i.e tourism services), the transport of cargo to and from Israel, the sale of goods and services to the Eilat free-trade zone and the sale of fresh fruit and vegetables. Payroll tax, which is levied on nonprofit organizations at a rate of 7.5% of wages and on financial institutions at a rate of 17% of wages, is imposed in lieu of the VAT for these types of entities.
Surtax: No
Alternative minimum tax: No
Withholding tax (general):
– From Dividends Dividends paid to a noncontrolling foreign resident (i.e. a person that holds less than 10% of the shares of the Israeli payer) are subject to a 25% withholding tax; otherwise, the rate is 30%. These rates may be reduced under a tax treaty or incentives regime. Dividends distributed by a preferred enterprise are taxed at a 20% rate. Dividends distributed by an approved/benefited enterprise generally are taxed at a 15% rate if the distribution is made from profits attributable to the approved enterprise, or at a reduced rate of 4% on the alternative incentive track (“Ireland track”) if distributed to a nonresident company.

Dividends distributed by a preferred technological enterprise or a special preferred technological enterprise to a nonresident company out of technological earnings are taxed at a rate of 4%, which may be reduced under an applicable tax treaty.

– From Royalties 23% withholding tax is levied on royalty payments to nonresidents. The rate may be reduced under a tax treaty,
– From Interests Corporate  income tax (currently 23%) will be withheld from interest payments if the recipient is a “body of person”, although the rate may be reduced under a tax treaty. A 0% withholding tax may apply to interest on certain public bonds held by foreign residents.
– Technical services .
Transfer tax: Transfer tax is imposed on the sale or exchange of immovable property and motor vehicles, at rates ranking from 0.1% to 3% determined by the municipality.
Capital gains tax: Capital gains are taxable as business income at the regular corporate income tax rate.
Real property tax: Property betterment tax is applicable to the sale of real property betterment tax are similar to those of the capital gains tax. The betterment is calculated from the date of purchase until the date of sale, and the amount of betterment is subject to the corporate tax rate at the date of sale.

In certain cases ( especially when real property is sold), the municipal authorities may impose a “betterment levy” at a rate of 50% on the betterment the real property has gained as a result of actions by the local municipal authorities. The betterment levy paid may be deducted from the betterment subject to the property betterment tax

Social security: National insurance is required by law (covering allowances and stipends). Some employers pay part or all employeesä compulsory contributions to the national insurance scheme.
Payroll tax: Payroll tax is levied only on nonprofit organizations (at a rate of 7.5% of wages) and financial institutions ( at a rate 17% of wages)
Stamp duty: No
Capital duty: No
Tax treaties: Israel has more than 60 tax treaties. Israel signed the OECD MLI on 7 June 2017
Anti-avoidance rules:
– Transfer pricing The transfer pricing rules, which are based on the OECD guidelines, apply to transactions between an Israeli resident and its related nonresident. A hierarchy of transfer pricing methodologies applies, with preference given to transaction-based methods over profit-based methods. Documentation requirements mandate that the taxpayer attach a statement to the annual tax return and provide a detailed transfer pricing study at request of the tax authorities. An advance pricing agreement may be obtained.
– Thin capitalization rule No
– Disclosure requirements The taxpayer generally must disclose all facts relevant for taxation, especially with related parties. Taxpayers are required to disclose certain tax positions adopted and certain tax options obtained

Compliance for corporation:

  • Tax year: The tax year begins in January. Taxpayers may apply for a special tax year, but the application will be approved only in special circumstances.
  • Consolidated returns: The filling of a consolidated return generally is not permitted; each company in a group is required to file its own return. However, if certain conditions are satisfied, qualified “industrial companies” may file a consolidated tax return.
  • Filling requirements: Companies must file an annual tax return no later than five months following the end of the tax year (an extension to file may be obtained in certain circumstances)- The tax authorities determine advance tax payments, with some taxpayers required to pay tax according to their monthly turnover.
  • Penalties:  Penalties apply if advance payments are overdue or if tax returns are filed late. The balance of any tax due is payable as of the beginning of the following tax year. Overdue tax is subject to an annual 4% interest rate (both the interest and principal are linked to the Consumer Price Index (CPI)) until paid in full.
  • Rulings:  A taxpayers may request a ruling on the tax consequences of a proposed transaction.
  • Tax authorities: Ministry of Finance, Israel Tax Authority


Personal Taxation in Israel 2018

Personal taxation basis:

  • Israeli Residents are taxed on their worldwide income Nonresidents are taxed only on Israeli-source income.

Tax Residence:

  • An Individual is resident in Israel if his/her “center of vital interests” is in Israel. The number of days spent in Israel and overseas also affects residence status: an Individual will be deemed to be resident if he/she has spent 183 days or more in Israel, or if during the current tax year, he/she spends 30 days or more in Israel and the total duration of he/she in Israel in the tax year and in the two preceding tax years, on a cumulative basis, amounts to 425 days or more.An Israeli resident who spends two consecutive years abroad (183 days each year) and whose center of vital interests in the two subsequent years was located abroad will be deemed to be a foreign resident as from the date the individual chose to leave Israel.

Filling status:

  • A married couple, living together, may opt for separate tax assessment in certain circumstances; otherwise, they may file jointly.

Income tax rates in Israel:

  • All income employment and/or a vocation is taxable, including the value of fringe benefits and cost-of-living allowances. Passive income from bank deposits and savings, both in Israel and overseas, also is taxable. New Israeli residents and senior returning resident are entitled to a tax exemption for certain types of foreign-source income for a period of 10 years as from the date of immigration/return to Israel. The benefit period with respect to income from interest on foreign currency deposits may be extended for a maximum of an additional 10-year period, provided certain investment criteria are fulfilled.

Social security payments in Israel:

  • National insurance is required by law (covering allowances and stipends for pensioner, widow/ers, disability, maternity, children’s allowances, industrial accidents, military service pay and unemployment). Some employers pay part or all of employee’s compulsory contributions to the national insurance scheme. In addition, every individual is subject to health care tax.

Inheritance/estate tax in Israel:

  • No

Net wealth/net worth tax in Israel:

  • No

Tax year:

  • Calendar year



  • business planning, tax consulting by Novasigma
  • Personal Tax Plan and Wealth protection cases


Consulting & advisory services for Israeli entities

  • Due diligence process
  • Foreign Market entry & Supplier search
  • Business Plans & Descriptions
  • Development & Capital Advisory
  • International Tax Planning
  • Funding & Investor Search
  • Business Restructuring via Offshore entities
  • Exit Strategy & IPO
  • Problem solving in Israel | by Novasigma Accounting & Law partner office


Incorporation, administration & business services in Israel

Incorporation services in Israel

  • New company formations in Israel
  • Company Closures and liquidations in Israel

Company administration in Israel

  • Legal registration address service for a Israeli company
  • Company secretarial service for a Israeli company
  • Nominee director services
  • Nominee shareholder services


Additional business services in Israel (by Novasigma Certified Partners)

  • Virtual office services in Israel
  • Hosting services
  • Real estate in Israel (offices, trade facilities, industrial)

Accounting, bookkeeping & audit for a Israeli entity

Some of the common domestic accounting services we provide in Israel include

  • Bookkeeping and accounting
  • Invoicing and payments
  • Annual accounts
  • Monthly Reconciliation
  • Monthly financial statements (including balance sheet and income statement)
  • Payroll services
  • Income and tax return
  • Management accounts

Value Added Tax (VAT)

  • VAT registration
  • Advice on VAT scheme options
  • VAT returns and declarations


  • Annual accounts in view of an annual audit and attend accounting audits


Legal services for Israeli companies and business owners

Legal services in Israel for all Novasigma Clients including companies and their owners and directors

Novasigma has built in Israel a team of lawyers, associates and legal advisers to assist our clients with a business and tax planning, overseas business operations, risk management and other legal matters. Primarily focused on business transactions, Novasigma Accounting & Law corporate attorneys are a great asset to a small and large businesses. With a background on corporate law, our corporate lawyers and legal advisers have an in depth knowledge on the transactions that may put your business at risk of litigation. These include contracts and negotiations, taxation laws, business structuring, buy/sell agreements, and intellectual property, among others.


Banking, financial and insurance services in Israel

Banking services in Israel

  • Business bank accounts
  • Personal bank account opening for business owners
  • Payment service providers
  • Investment solutions
  • Alternative banking solutions

Financial services in Israel

  • Debt collection services
  • Invoice funding & cash flow solutions
  • Factoring
  • Leasing
  • Wealth management

Insurance services in Israel

  • Insurances for corporations
  • Insurances for business owners and their families


Tax residencies & Immigration services

  • Meeting with Novasigma before applying Israeli residency
  • Assistance in applying a tax residency from Israel
  • Personal bank account in Israel
  • Israeli ID card
  • Address service available for Novasigma business clients




  • Foreign companies are allowed to grow cannabis in Israel!

Interested in Israel? Please leave us a message and we will get back to you shortly

Available services

  • Company Formation
  • Company Administration
  • Company disclosure in netherlands, UK, Germany, Russia
    Business Disclosure & Redomiciliation
  • Marine, Aircraft & Vehicle Registration
  • Novasigma offers citizenship programs with Caribian passports and tax residencies with a immigration service
    Residency & Citizenship Solutions

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