Georgia

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With a range of Free Trade Agreements, Georgia has access to a 900 million market that is not subject to customs tax, including Turkey, CIS and EU countries.

The predictability of political and investment climate is ensured by the Association Agreement signed with European Union in 2014. Georgia’s political system boasts open democracy and has demonstrated effective transition of governments with a consistent commitment to economic liberalization and Euro-Atlantic integration.

Through anti-corruption legislation, effective law enforcement and free access to online registries the Georgian economy promotes transparency, reduces bureaucratic burden and has won the UN Public Service Award.

Georgia is the one of the least tax burden countries in the world, with only 6 flat taxes and Corporate Profit Tax of only 15%.

Population: 4.93 million
Form of government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Official & spoken languages: Georgian
Currency: Georgian Lari
Time zone: GET (UTC+4)
GDP (PPP): $35.6 billion
GDP (PPP)/per capita: $9.500
Average salary: 300-400 Lari (120-200€)
Unemployment: 12,6%
Major trading partners: Turkey, United States, Russia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, United Kingdom, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Turkmenistan


FEES AND ONLINE ORDER FORM FOR GEORGIAN COMPANY FORMATION

Advantages of doing business in Georgia

  • Georgia is a newly industrialized country, which has high growth rates of 9-12% since 2000. Due to a continuously reformed economy, it has managed a relatively stable level of growth, especially compared to other similar nations.
  • Georgia’s economy is heavily reliant on hydroelectric power and agriculture. The strength of these industries has led to Georgia’s strong sustainable growth.
  • A Georgia limited liability Company (LLC) is the most common type of company. To register a company in Georgia, only 1 shareholder and 1 director is required. There are no minimum capital requirements.
  • Georgia has recently established several new double taxation treaties, in addition to the 31 treaties it already has with major trading partners.
  • Georgia is positively ranked as the 24th easiest country do business in.
  • Georgia was positively ranked as the 22nd freest economy in the Heritage foundations 2015 index of economic freedom, ameasure freedom enjoyed in business, trade, monetary, financial, investment and labour markets. A free labor market and minimal trade regulations were listed as the main reasons behind Georgia’s rank.

Disadvantages of doing business in Georgia

  • A Georgia LLC is liable a corporate tax rate of 15%, and maybe liable to pay a VAT rate of 18%.
  • Georgia is negatively ranked as the 72nd most competitive economy in the world in the Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014, up from 77th in 2011.
  • Georgia is negatively ranked as the 52nd least corrupt country in the world, according to the 2015 Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International, a global measure of corruption amongst public officials and politicians.

FEES AND ONLINE ORDER FORM FOR GEORGIAN COMPANY FORMATION

Business Friendliness Environment Index (EUROPE) by Novasigma – 2017

Novasigma has published an annual BFEE (Business Friendliness Environment – Europe) -index for 2017. European economies are ranked from 1-51 based on their business friendliness. The rankings are determined by sorting the aggregate distance to frontier scores on 20 topics each consisting of several indicators, giving equal weight to each topic. The rankings for all countries and economies are bench-marked to January 2017

GEORGIA – OVERALL RANK 2017: 2nd (Europe) 78/100 points
1. Ease of incorporation process (bureaucracy, costs, time frame) 5/5 points
2. Privacy level of shareholders and investors 4/5 points
3. Privacy level of company directors and signatories 3/5 points
4. Availability of the private equity funding 3/5 points
5. Availability of the public and / or bank sector financing instruments 4/5 points
6. Reputation of the country (trading across borders with a company registered in this country) 2/5 points
7. Easiness of recruiting professional staff (professionalism, average pay, protection against dismissal) 4/5 points
8. Easiness of getting business premises (price, availability) 5/5 points
9. Suitability for production of physical products 5/5 points
10. Suitability for producing services 5/5 points
11. Size of the home market B2C (population and purchasing power) 1/5 points
12. Size of the home market B2B and public sector purchasing services from local businesses 3/5 points
13. Exporting physical products (markets nearby, logistics and toll) 4/5 points
14. Exporting services 5/5 points
15. Immaterial rights (compared to other countries) 4/5 points
16. The level bureaucracy or corruption during business operations 5/5 points
17. Company taxation 4/5 points
18. Dividend taxation, withholding taxes and tax treaties 4/5 points
19. Easiness of selling a business 4/5 points
20. Easiness of closing down a company 4/5 points

The World Bank “Ease of doing Business -ranking”

Overall rank 2016: rank 24th (change in rank: 0)
– Starting a business: rank 6 (average processing time 2 days)
– Dealing with construction permits: rank 11 (no change)(average processing time 48 days)
– Getting electricity: rank 62 (average installation time 71 days)
– Registering property: rank 3 (no change)(average processing time 1 day)
– Getting credit: rank 7
– Protecting minority investors: rank 20 (no change)
– Paying taxes: rank 40 (average company tax from profits 16,4%, average time used for taxation 362 hours per year)
– Trading across borders rank 78 (no change)
– Enforcing contract: rank 13 (average 285 days, average cost from standing amount 29,9%)
– Resolving Insolvency: rank 101 (Average time processing bankruptcy: 2 years)

 

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New businesses registered in 2014: 17 136

Why You Should Become a Tax Resident in Georgia

First off, Georgia has low taxes compared to its counterparts in Europe. What’s more, income is taxed at a flat rate which is lower than that of every OECD member except for Hungary. It’s corporate tax rate is significantly lower than those of the United States, France, Belgium, Mexico, and Portugal (though, to be fair, it is still a lot higher than the rates you’ll find in Switzerland, Ireland, and Germany).

Rates for different activities are as follow:

  • Income Tax: 20 percent
  • Value-added Tax: 18 percent
  • Corporate Tax: 15 percent
  • Capital Gains and Interest: 5 percent
  • Property Tax: 1 percent

Under Georgian tax law, in addition to income from employment, income tax covers “income from economic activities.” These activities include the following:

  • Income received from supply of goods and/or services
  • Gain received from sale of assets
  • Income received as a result of limiting economic activities or closure of an enterprise
  • Income received from sale of fixed assets
  • Dividends, royalty and interest income, except interest received by individuals on the funds deposited at banks and other credit entities
  • Rental and leasing income
  • Benefit received as a result of debt write off, etc.

Establishing tax residency in Tbilisi now means that you’ll have the option of e-filing, making it much easier to pay taxes than it was previously. Tax residents can also pay their tax bill electronically on the Revenue Service’s website.

The government is currently developing an overhaul of the country’s corporate tax regime so that businesses will pay less in taxes than they currently do. Modeling its reforms on the Estonian tax system, Georgia plans to exempt all retained and reinvested profits from the 15 percent corporate tax.
That would mean that only profits that are distributed or paid out as fringe benefits will be taxable. In addition to the obvious benefit to businesses, research has shown that such a system brings economy-wide benefits as well.
A 2011 paper by Masso, Merikull, and Vahter found that Estonia’s introduction of corporate tax reforms in 2000 led to a higher investment rate and enhanced productivity. What’s more, providing incentives for companies to retain their profits increased holdings of liquid assets and reduced dependency on debt financing, which helped the country weather the financial crisis of 2008-2009.
In short, Georgia’s tax regime is already friendly toward individuals and businesses. If reforms are implemented from January 2017 as planned, the situation will only improve.

Eligibility for Tax Residency in Georgia
The process is pretty simple. Any individual living in Georgia for 183 days during a consecutive 12-month period is eligible to apply for tax residency. In most cases these applications are accepted.
Of course, you may not be able or interested in spending half a calendar year in Georgia. Fortunately, the government has created a special regime for those designated as “high net-worth individuals.”
Someone is considered to be high net-worth if: 1) the value of his/her confirmed property is greater than GEL3,000,000 (approximately $1.35 million USD); or 2) his/her annual income exceeded GEL200,000 (about $90,000) in any of the three years before the year they submit the application.
There are a few other conditions that must be met, however. The applicant must have either a Georgian residency permit or Georgian nationality … OR, the applicant must verify receiving at least GEL25,000 (just over $11,000) of Georgian source income during a single year.
Bear in mind that obtaining a Georgian residence permit is fairly easy for someone earning Georgian-source income in any significant amount, so the first option is practicable in most situations.

How to Obtain Tax Residency

Georgians really don’t stand for red tape, and this process reflects that preference. Applications are submitted to the Revenue Service of Georgia along with documents confirming that the application meets all other requirements.
If the application meets all the legal requirements, the Revenue Service forwards the application to the Ministry of Finance for final approval. A decision must be made within nine days from submission of the application, and the applicant’s presence in Georgia is not required at any time during the process.
Georgian tax residence is granted for a one-year term. If a high net-worth individual wants to maintain Georgian tax residency status, he/she must re-apply. However, re-application is not required for individuals who become tax residents under the general rules on tax residency (by spending at least 183 days in Georgia during the relevant period).

Other Advantages of Georgian Tax Residency

In addition to the tax benefits of establishing your home and/or business in Georgia, Georgian tax residence offers potential benefits to those earning income in countries with which Georgia has bilateral tax treaties.
For example, in some cases a treaty partner country may not tax dividends received by a Georgian tax resident, even if those dividends come from a source in the treaty partner country.
If you’re considering whether to apply for Georgian tax residency, you should first take a close look at the bilateral tax treaty between Georgia and the country where most of your income is earned. If that country recognizes tax residency in Georgia, it’s possible that a large part of your income will not be taxed in any country.
We can help you establish tax residency in Georgia, allowing you to pay less in taxes each year on your current business activities.

Set up a Strategy Call with us and we’ll determine whether we think you’re someone we’d like to do business with.

Freedom Index: Georgia

Overall rank 2016: 57th (60/100 points)
– Property rights: 40/100 points
– Freedom from taxes: 87/100 points
– Freedom of speech/religion: 75/100 points
– Limited government: 70/100 points
– Gun rights: 30/100 points
– Drug rights: 20/100 points
– Freedom from corruption: 49/100 points
– Freedom from inflation: 78/100 points
– Business freedom: 88/100 points

Taxes in Georgia

  • Residence: An entity generally is considered a resident of Georgia if it is registered in Georgia.
  • Basis: Residents are taxable on their worldwide income; nonresidents are taxed on Georgia-source income only.
  • Taxable income: Georgian entities are taxed on profits, which are the difference between income derived from economic activities and expenses that may be deducted under the tax code.
  • Taxation of dividends: Dividends received from another Georgian company are excluded from the taxable base.
  • Capital gains: Capital gains generally are treated as ordinary income and taxed at the standard corporate tax rate of 20%. However, gains on qualifying holdings are exempt in certain conditions are satisfied.
  • Losses: Losses may be carried forward for up to five years. A taxpayer may apple to the tax authorities for a 10-year carry forward period, but the statute of limitations period for the taxpayer will be 11 years. The carry back of losses is not permitted.
  • Foreign tax credit: Profit taxes paid on income earned outside Georgia may be credited against Georgian tax, but the credit is limited to the assessed in Georgia on the income in accordance with the applicable rates.
  • Participation exemption: No
Taxable income: 15%
Taxation of dividends:
VAT registration: A business with annual business revenue of GEL 100 000 , must register for VAT purposes.
– VAT Rates: The standard rate is 18%, certain transactions are exempt.
Surtax: No
Alternative minimum tax: No
Withholding tax (general):
– From Dividends Paid to non-residents entities, non-commercial legal persons and to individuals are subject to a 5% withholding tax, unless the rate is reduced under tax treaty.
– From Royalties Paid to a non-resident are subject a 5% withholding tax, unless the rate is reduced under a tax treaty. The rate increases to 15% if the recipient is a foreign company registered in an offshore or low-tax jurisdiction.
– From Interests Paid to residents and nonresidents is subject to a 5% withholding tax, unless the rate is reduced under a tax treaty. However, where interest is paid to a non-resident registered in an offshore or low-tax jurisdiction, the rate is 15%.
– Technical services Paid to a nonresident are subject to a 10% withholding tax. If the non-resident provides technical services with respect to oil and gas transactions, the rate is 4%. The tax rates may be reduced under a treaty. The rate is 15% if the foreign company is registered in an offshore or low-tax jurisdiction.
Transfer tax: No
Capital gains tax: Capital gains are taxable as business income at the regular corporate income tax rate.
Real property tax: Households with annual income below GEL 40 000 are exempt from real property tax. Where annual income is between GEL 40 000 and GEL 100 000, the tax is payable at rates ranging from 0.05% to 0.2% of the market value of the property: above GEL 100 000, the rates range from 0.8% to 1 %.
Social security: No
Payroll tax: No
Stamp duty: No
Capital duty: No
Tax treaties: Georgia has concluded tax treaties with 49 countries, and tax information exchange agreements with eight countries. Georgia does not honor the treaties concluded by the former Soviet Union, except for the treaty with Japan.
Anti-avoidance rules:
– Transfer pricing Georgian tax legislation contains comprehensive transfer pricing rules, and there are specific provisions in the Tax Code that are aimed at regulating the taxation of transactions between related person. According to Georgian tax legislation, transactions, and the principle of fair market value should be taken into account. The tax authorities can compare the conditions of transactions between related persons with those of transactions between unrelated parties and can allocate income and expenses between related, parties based on principles that would have applied in transactions between independent person. Georgian transfer pricing rules generally follow OECD transfer pricing principles. Five pricing methods are recognized for evaluating Whether prices are at arms length; these are the comparable uncontrolled (independent) price; resale price; cost plus; net profit margin; and profit split methods. Transfer pricing rules apply to cross-border transactions between a Georgian resident company and a related foreign company, or a Georgian resident company and an unrelated foreign company registered in an offshore or low-tax jurisdiction. Taxpayers should maintain contemporaneous transfer pricing documentation, which should be submitted to the tax authorities within 30 calendar days of any request.
– Thin capitalization rule Thin capitalization rules, which were expected to enter into force 1 on January 2016, have been postponed until 1 January 2018.
– Disclosure requirements No

Compliance for corporation:

  • Tax year: Calendar year
  • Consolidated returns: No
  • Filling requirements: Georgia operates as self-assessment regime. Annual income tx returns must be filed by 1 April of the year following the tax (calendar) year. The deadline may be extended for up to three months. Advance payments of tax are made in four installments.
  • Penalties: Penalties are imposed for failure to register with the tax authorities, failure to filed and late filing of a tax return, late payment of tax and under declaration of tax liability.
  • Rulings: A ruling may be obtained from the tax authorities on the tax consequences of a transaction.
  • Tax authorities: Revenue Service of the Ministry of Finance

FEES AND ONLINE ORDER FORM FOR GEORGIAN COMPANY FORMATION

Personal Taxation in Georgia 2016

Personal taxation basis:

  • Resident and non-resident individuals are taxable on Georgia-source income only. Dividends and interest received by resident individuals from resident companies are excluded from the taxable base.

Tax Residence:

  • An individual is resident if he/she is present in Georgia for more than 183 days in any continuous 12-month period ending in a tax year or if the individual was in the Georgian state service abroad during the tax year.

Filling status:

  • Each registered individual taxpayer must file a separate return. Families may, however, file joint property tax returns.

Income tax rates in Georgia

  • 20%

Social security payments in Georgia:

  • No

Inheritance/estate tax in Georgia:

  • Gifts with a value not exceeding GEL 1000 are exempt, other than gifts received from employers. Gifts to first and second-degree relativies are fully exempt from personal income tax, while gifts to third and fourth-degree relatives are exempt up to GEL 150 000 per year.

Net wealth/net worth tax in Georgia:

  • No

Tax year:

  • Calendar year

Our Services in Georgia

Consulting & advisory services for Georgian entities

  • Due diligence process
  • Foreign Market entry & Supplier search
  • Business Plans & Descriptions
  • Development & Capital Advisory
  • International Tax Planning
  • Funding & Investor Search
  • Business Restructuring via Offshore entities
  • Exit Strategy & IPO
  • Problem solving

Incorporation, administration & business services in Georgia

Incorporation services in Georgia

  • New company formations in Georgia
  • Ready-Made Georgian companies
  • Company Closures and liquidations in Georgia

FEES AND ONLINE ORDER FORM FOR GEORGIAN COMPANY FORMATION

Company administration in Georgia

  • Legal registration address service for a Georgian company
  • Company secretarial service for a Georgian company
  • Nominee director services
  • Nominee shareholder services

Additional business services in Georgia (by Novasigma Certified Partners)

  • Virtual office services in Georgia
  • Hosting services
  • Real estate in Georgia (offices, trade facilities, industrial)
  • Recruitment services and Temporary workers in Georgia
  • Marketing, advertising and software development in Georgia
  • Sales, research and booking services in Georgia
  • Customer support and back office services
  • Logistic services in Georgia
  • Cyper security services

Accounting, bookkeeping & audit for a Georgian entity

Some of the common domestic accounting services we provide in Georgia include

  • Bookkeeping and accounting
  • Invoicing and payments
  • Annual accounts
  • Monthly Reconciliation
  • Monthly financial statements (including balance sheet and income statement)
  • Payroll services
  • Income and tax return
  • Management accounts

Value Added Tax (VAT)

  • VAT registration
  • Advice on VAT scheme options
  • VAT returns and declarations

Audit

  • Annual accounts in view of an annual audit and attend accounting audits

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Legal services for Georgian companies and business owners

Legal services in Georgia for all Novasigma Clients including companies and their owners and directors

Novasigma has built in Georgia a team of lawyers, associates and legal advisers to assist our clients with a business and tax planning, overseas business operations, risk management and other legal matters. Primarily focused on business transactions, Novasigma Accounting & Law corporate attorneys are a great asset to a small and large businesses. With a background on corporate law, our corporate lawyers and legal advisers have an in depth knowledge on the transactions that may put your business at risk of litigation. These include contracts and negotiations, taxation laws, business structuring, buy/sell agreements, and intellectual property, among others.

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Banking, financial and insurance services in Georgia

Banking services in Georgia

  • Business bank accounts
  • Personal bank account opening for business owners
  • Payment service providers
  • Investment solutions
  • Alternative banking solutions

Financial services in Georgia

  • Debt collection services
  • Invoice funding & cash flow solutions
  • Factoring
  • Leasing
  • Wealth management

Insurance services in Georgia

  • Insurances for corporations
  • Insurances for business owners and their families

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Tax residencies & Immigration services

  • Assistance applying a tax residency from Georgia
  • Immigration service for foreign residents when moving to Georgia (for Novasigma business clients only!)

ONLINE ORDER FORM FOR GEORGIAN COMPANY FORMATION

 

News and business opportunities in Georgia

  • investing opportunities in georgia
    Investing Opportunities - a King David Skyscraper
  • Caucasus business week cover image
    A British company plans to increase the volume of investment in Georgia
  • Georgia invites investors to base their business at Tbilisi Free Zone
  • 9 Reasons why you should start doing business in Georgia
  • TBC purchases the controlling stake of Bank Republic

Interested in Georgia? Please leave us a message and we will get back to you shortly.

Other jurisdictions:

  • Bulgaria
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Gibraltar
  • Latvia
  • Mauritius Novasigma
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  • Norway
  • Russia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Spain
  • United Kingdom

  • Bulgaria
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Gibraltar
  • Latvia
  • Mauritius Novasigma
    Mauritius
  • Norway
  • Russia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Spain
  • United Kingdom

Available services

  • Consulting & Professional Advisory Services
  • How to register a company in United Kingdom
    Incorporation & Administration Services
  • International Accounting & Audit services
  • Legal services for companies & business owners
  • Global Banking & Payment solutions
  • Novasigma offers citizenship programs with Caribian passports and tax residencies with a immigration service
    Tax Residencies & Citizenship programs

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